Life expectancy at birth.


Total population: 81.81 years

Country comparison to the world: 9

Male: 79.4 years

Female: 84.35 years (2011 est.)


Birth rate

12.33 births/ 1,000 population (2011 est.)

Country comparison to the world no. 158.


Death rate

6.88 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 141


Literacy total population:


Definition: age 15 and over can read and write

Total population: 99%

Male: 99%

Female: 99% (2003 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$41,000 (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 18

$40,400 (2009 est.)

$40,300 (2008 est.)

note: data are in 2010 US dollars


Labor Force- By occupation- Agriculture

agriculture: 3.6%

industry: 21.1%

services: 75% (2009 est.)


Telephones - mobile cellular

22.5 million (2010) country comparison to the world: 40


Railways: total


total: 38,445 km

country comparison to the world: 7

broad gauge: 3,355 km 1.600-m gauge

standard gauge: 21,674 km 1.435-m gauge (650 km electrified)

narrow gauge: 9,539 km 1.067-m gauge (2,067 km electrified); 3,877 km 1.000-m gauge (2010)